Periodontal diseases are mainly the result of infections and inflammation of the gums and bone that surround and support the teeth. In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums can become swollen and red, and they may bleed.
Advanced gum disease, which is also referred to as periodontitis, cannot be completely cured. Therefore, it’s highly important for patients to protect themselves against developing periodontitis. This can be done by practicing good oral hygiene techniques.